Effectiveness of education using ha-man module on self-efficacy of adults in preventing coronary heart disease

Efektivitas edukasi melalui modul ha-man terhadap efikasi diri kelompok usia dewasa dalam mencegah penyakit jantung koroner

Authors

  • Ni Kadek Ayu Suarningsih Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan dan Profesi Ners, fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana
  • I Kadek Saputra Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Udayana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36376/bmj.v8i3.178

Keywords:

Health education, self-efficacy, Heart Attack, Coronary heart disease

Abstract

Every year, there is a significant increase in deaths caused by coronary heart disease (CHD). Many programs have been implemented to reduce the morbidity and mortality of CHD. Early detection and control of CHD risk factors is a challenge in educating adults about lifestyle changes. Also, it is recognized that self-efficacy is a vital factor in initiating and maintaining healthy behaviors. Health education is given as an effort to increase self-efficacy, but educational media that are innovative in promoting CHD health are limited. This study aimed to determine differences in the self-efficacy of adults in preventing coronary heart disease before and after given health education. This was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest control group design. The sample were 60 respondents which were grouped into 30 respondents in the intervention group and control group through purposive sampling. The HA-Man education intervention was given 3 times for a-week, self-efficacy was evaluated through a structured questionnaire interview. The results showed that there were differences in self-efficacy before and after intervention in the intervention group (p <0.05). This research is expected to provide information in the development of educational media in increasing awareness and self-efficacy of people who are at risk of CHD

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alwaili, K., Alrasadi, K., Awan, Z. & Genest, J. (2009). Approach to the diagnosis and management of lipoprotein disorders. Current opinion in endocrinology, diabetes and obesity. 16(2): 132-140.
Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The exercise of control. W. H. Freeman, New York, USA.
Born, Schwarzer, & Jerusalem. (1995). Indonesia Adaptation of the General Self-Efficacy Scale. Diakses 26 Februari 2019 http://userpage.fu-berlin.de/~health/indonese.htm
Hickey, M. L., Owen, S. V., & Froman, R. D. (1992). Instrument development: cardiac diet and exercise self-efficacy. Nursing research, 41(6), 347–351.
Mosca, L., Greenberger, H. M., Dolor, R. J., Newby, K., & Robb, K. J. (2006). National study of women’s awareness, preventive action, and barriers to cardiovascular health. Circulation, 113, 525-534
Rezazadeh, A., Rashidkhani, B., & Omidvar, N. (2010). Association of major dietary patterns with socioeconomic and lifestyle factors of adult women living in Tehran, Iran. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 26(3), 337–341. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2009.06.019
Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) (2018). Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian RI tahun 2018. http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/infoterkini/materi_rakorpop_2018/Hasil%20Riskesdas%202018.pdf
Steigelman, K.L., Kimble, P. L., Dunbar, S., Sowell, L.R., & Bairan, A. 2006. Religion, relationship, and mental health in mild life women following acute myocaldial infraction. Issues in mental Health Nursing, 27 :141 -159.
Sullivan, M.D., LaCroix, A.Z., Russo, J., & Katon, W.J. (1988). Self-efficacy and self-reported functional status in coronary heart disease: A six-month prospective study. Psychosom Med, 60(4):473-8. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006842-199807000-00014.
Tabatabaei-Malazy O, et al. (2014). Prevalence of dyslipidemia in Iran: A systematic review and meta-analysis study. International journal of preventive medicine. 5 (4): 373.
Unsal, A., & Kasikci, M. A,. (2010). Effect of education on perceived self efficacy for individuals with arthritis. International Journal of Caring Science. 3(1): 3-12.
Wahyuni, Aria & Rezkiki, Fitrianola. (2015). Pemberdayaan dan Efikasi Diri Pasien Penyakit Jantung Koroner melalui Edukasi Kesehatan Terstruktur. Jurnal Ipteks Terapan. 9. https://doi.org/10.22216/jit.2015.v9i1.26.
Wantiyah, Sitorus, R., & Gayatri, D. (2010). Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Efikasi Diri Pasien Penyakit Jantung Koroner Dalam Konteks Asuhan Keperawatan Di RSUD Dr. Soebandi Jember. Tesis. FIKUI.
World Health Organization. (2020). Cardiovascular diseases. https://www.who.int/cardiovascular_diseases/resources/atlas/en/
Witte, K., Jarato, K., & Menard, T. (2005). The Effectiveness of Media Use in Health Education: Evaluation of an HIV/AIDS Radio Campaign in Ethiopia AU - Farr, A. Celeste. Journal of Health Communication, 10(3), 225–235. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730590934244
Yahya, A.F.(2010). Menaklukkan Pembunuh no.1 : Mencegah dan Mengatasi Penyakit Jantung Koroner Secara Tepat.Bandung: PT Mizan Pustaka.

Published

2021-10-31

How to Cite

Suarningsih, N. K. A., & Saputra, I. K. (2021). Effectiveness of education using ha-man module on self-efficacy of adults in preventing coronary heart disease : Efektivitas edukasi melalui modul ha-man terhadap efikasi diri kelompok usia dewasa dalam mencegah penyakit jantung koroner. Bali Medika Jurnal, 8(3), 294–299. https://doi.org/10.36376/bmj.v8i3.178