The Correlation of Blood Lead Levels and Blood Pressure in Vehicle Repair Shop Workers in Tampaksiring District, Gianyar Regency, 2019

Hubungan Kadar Timbal Dalam Darah dengan Tekanan Darah pada Pekerja Bengkel Kendaraan di Kecamatan Tampaksiring, Kabupaten Gianyar Tahun 2019

Authors

  • ni luh nova dilisca dwi putri Stikes Wira Medika Bali
  • Sri Idayani STIKes Wira Medika Bali

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36376/bmj.v8i1.175

Keywords:

Lead in blood, Blood Pressure, Vehicle repair shop workers

Abstract

Pollutant metals from vehicles with leaded gasoline can accumulate in the body, attack important organs, and even damage the quality of offspring. Lead poisoning (Pb) can be experienced by workshop workers through vehicle fumes that are being repaired. Chronic lead poisoning (Pb) most often is weakness, anorexia, miscarriage, tremors, weight loss, headaches and digestive tract symptoms. Lead entering the bloodstream can cause hypertension, this is because lead can lead to increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study aims to determine the relationship between the content of lead levels in blood with the occurrence of hypertension in workshop workers. Examination of blood lead levels is carried out using MPAES tools and blood pressure checks are carried out using digital tensimeter devices. The results showed that there was a correlation between blood lead levels and blood pressure in workshop workers in Gianyar Regency in 2019 with the bivariate Pearson correlation test producing sig. (2-tailed) of 0.008 <0.05 showed a correlation between variable levels of lead in blood with blood pressure (hypertension).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

ni luh nova dilisca dwi putri, Stikes Wira Medika Bali

Teknologi Laboratorium Medis, STIKes Wira Medika Bali

Sri Idayani, STIKes Wira Medika Bali

Teknologi Laboratorium Medis, STIKes Wira Medika Bali

References

Alghasham, A. A., Meki, A. R., & Ismail, H. A. (2011). Association of Blood Lead Level with Elevated Blood Pressure in Hypertensive Patients. International Journal of Health Sciences, 5(1), 17–21.

AOEC. (2007). Association of Occupational and Enviromental Clinics Medical Management Guidelines for Lead-Exposed Adults. Washington DC: Association of Occupational Enviromental Clinics.

Azizah., R., & Fibrianti., L. D. (2014). Karakteristik, Kadar Timbal (Pb) Dalam Darah, Dan Hipertensi Pekerja Home Industry Aki Bekas Di Desa Talun Kecamatan Sukodadi Kabupaten Lamongan. Surabaya.

Candra, C., Setiani, O., & Hanani, Y. (2016). Perbedaan Kadar Timbal (Pb) Dalam Darah Sebelum dan Sesudah Pemberian Air Kelapa Hijau (Cocos nucifera L) Pada Pekerja Pengecatan Di Industri Karoseri Semarang. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat, 4(3).

Chandra, B. (2008). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: EGC.

Dongre, N., Nilima, A. N., & Suryakar. (2011). Biochemical Effects of Lead Exposure on Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure, Heme Biosynthesis and Hematological Parameters in Automobile Workers of North Karnataka India. Journal Clinical Biochemical India, 2011, 400–406.

Farmand, F., Ehdaie, A., Roberts, C. H. ., & Sindhu, R. K. (2005). Lead-Induced Dysregulation of Superoxide Dismutases, Catalase, Glutathione Peroxidase and Guanylate. Environmental Research, 981(2005), 33–39.

Martin, G. T. A. (2009). Association of Blood Lead and Tibia Lead with Blood Pressure and Hypertention in a Community Sample of Older Adults. American. American Journal of Epidemiology, 163(5), 467–478.

Notoatmodjo. (2002). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Palar, H. (2008). Pencemaran dan Toksikologi Logam Berat. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Pasorong, Mery, B., Haripurnomo, K., & Nawi, N. (2007). Hubungan Antara Kadar Plumbum (Pb) dan Hipertensi Pada Polisi Lalu Lintas di Kota Manado. Artikel Kesehatan Masyarakat, 23(2).

Putri, R. (2017). Analisa Kadar Timbal (Pb) Dalam Darah Pekerja Bengkel kendaraan Bermotor Roda Dua Di Kota Medan Tahun 2017. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Ramadhani, P. (2018). Analisis Paparan Kadar Timbal (Pb) dalam Darah Pekerja Bengkel Kendaraan Bermotor Beroda Dua di Kota Medan. Universitas Sumatera Utara Medan.

Rosyidah, H., & Djannah, S. N. (2010). Hubungan Antara Kadar Pb Dalam Darah Dengan Kejadian Hipertensi Pada Operator SPBU di Kota Yogyakarta. Jurnal Kesmas, 4(2), 76–143.

Sakinah, R. (2011). Penilaian Resiko Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja di Industri Informal (Bengkel). Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin.

Samsuar, S. K. M., & Pebrice, S. (2017). Analisis Kadar Timbal (Pb) pada Rambut Pekerja Bengkel Tambal Ban dan Ikan Mas di Sepanjang Jalan Soekarno-Hata Bandar Lampung Secara Spektrofotometri Serapan Atom. Jurnal Kesehatan, 8(1), 91–97.

Published

2021-03-31

How to Cite

dwi putri, ni luh nova dilisca, & Idayani, S. . (2021). The Correlation of Blood Lead Levels and Blood Pressure in Vehicle Repair Shop Workers in Tampaksiring District, Gianyar Regency, 2019: Hubungan Kadar Timbal Dalam Darah dengan Tekanan Darah pada Pekerja Bengkel Kendaraan di Kecamatan Tampaksiring, Kabupaten Gianyar Tahun 2019. Bali Medika Jurnal, 8(1), 82–89. https://doi.org/10.36376/bmj.v8i1.175