Behavioral Description of Breast Self-Examination on Women of Childbearing Age at Public Health Center, Tembuku I Bangli
Gambaran Perilaku Sadari pada Wanita Usia Subur di UPT Puskesmas Tembuku I Bangli
Keywords:Breast self-examination, detect breast cancer, early detection of breast cancer
Background: Breast self-examination (BSE) is one of many ways to detect breast cancer. It is very important because 75-85% of malignancies are detected at the early time. Based on recapitulation data on early detection of breast cancer, the Bali Provincial Health Office in 2018 showed that out of 39,157 women of childbearing age, 236 of them had lumps or tumors in their breast, 44 people were suspected of having cancer and 20 people were diagnosed with breast cancer. Data on Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) shows that the lowest ranking is occupied by Karangasem Regency, namely 1.15% of 60,430 people, the second lowest ranking is in Bangli Regency, which is 2.08% of 43,438 people, and the third is Denpasar city as districts/cities with the highest number of women of childbearing age 30-50 years in Bali, namely 115,143 people, received the third lowest number of breast cancer screening visits, namely 2.46%. Methods: This study uses a quantitative descriptive research design with a cross-sectional approach. Results: The results of this study found that the characteristics of respondents based on age were mostly in the range of 31-40 years old, most had high school education, and most worked as traders. Based on BSE behavior, most of the respondents have good behavior, 17 people (42.5%), 16 people (40%) have less behavior, and the remaining 7 people (17.5%) have moderate behavior. Discussion: BSE is an easy and efficient way to detect breast abnormalities by yourself. In accordance with the theory, it is stated that the high mortality rate of breast cancer is caused by several factors, one of which is knowledge. Conclusion: Most of the respondents have good behavior towards BSE action.
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